Pycnonotidae (bulbuls, greenbuls…)

Under construction

Number of genera: 28
Number of species: 154
Number of species completed: 21
In French: page des bulbuls en Français

SF Crinigerinae:

Genus Andropadus – 1 species

* Sombre Greenbul Andropadus importunus

Genus Calyptocichla – 1 species

Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serinus – NA

Genus Stelgidillas – 1 species

Slender-billed Greenbul Stelgidillas gracilirostris – NA

Genus Neolestes – 1 species

Black-collared Bulbul Neolestes torquatus – NA

Genus Criniger – 5 species

Western Bearded-Greenbul Criniger barbatus – NA
Eastern Bearded-Greenbul Criniger chloronotus – NA
Red-tailed Greenbul Criniger calurus – NA
White-bearded Greenbul Criniger ndussumensis – NA
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus – SPECIAL T., VULN

Genus Eurillas – 5 species
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul Eurillas latirostris
Little Greenbul Eurillas virens – NA
Plain Greenbul Eurillas curvirostris
Little Grey Greenbul Eurillas gracilis
Ansorge’s Greenbul Eurillas ansorgei

Genus Phyllastrephus – 21 species
Red-tailed Leaf-love Phyllastrephus scandens
Terrestrial Brownbul Phyllastrephus terrestris
Northern Brownbul Phyllastrephus strepitans
Grey-olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus cerviniventris
Pale-olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus fulviventris
Baumann’s Olive-Greenbul Phyllastrephus baumanni
Toro Olive-Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris
Fischer’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri
Cabanis’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi
Placid Greenbul Phyllastrephus placidus
Cameroon Olive-Greenbul Phyllastrephus poensis
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus
Xavier’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri
Liberian Greenbul Phyllastrephus leucolepis
Sassi’s Olive-Greenbul Phyllastrephus lorenzi
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis
Yellow-streaked Greenbul Phyllastrephus flavostriatus
Sharpe’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus alfredi
Grey-headed Greenbul Phyllastrephus poliocephalus
Montane Tiny-Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigula
Lowland Tiny-Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis

Genus Bleda – 4 species
Red-tailed Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius
Yellow-lored Bristlebill Bleda notatus
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus

Genus Atimastillas – 1 species
Yellow-throated Leaf-love Atimastillas flavicollis

Genus Ixonotus – 1 species
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus

Genus Thescelocichla – 1 species
Swamp Palm Bulbul Thescelocichla leucopleura

Genus Baeopogon – 2 species
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator
Sjostedt’s Greenbul Baeopogon clamans

Genus Chlorocichla – 5 species
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima
Prigogine’s Greenbul Chlorocichla prigoginei
Yellow-bellied Greenbul Chlorocichla flaviventris
Falkenstein’s Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex

Genus Arizelocichla – 12 species
Shelley’s Greenbul Arizelocichla masukuensis
Kakamega Greenbul Arizelocichla kakamegae
Cameroon Greenbul Arizelocichla montana
Western Greenbul Arizelocichla tephrolaema
Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps
Uluguru Greenbul Arizelocichla neumanni
Black-browed Greenbul Arizelocichla fusciceps
Yellow-throated Greenbul Arizelocichla chlorigula
Olive-breasted Greenbul Arizelocichla kikuyuensis
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Arizelocichla milanjensis
Olive-headed Greenbul Arizelocichla olivaceiceps
Stripe-faced Greenbul Arizelocichla striifacies

SF Pycnonotinae:

Genus Tricholestes – 1 species
Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger

Genus Setornis – 1 species
Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger

Genus Alophoixus – 7 species
Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Grey-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus bres
Palawan Bulbul Alophoixus frater
Finsch’s Bulbul Alophoixus finschii
White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
Puff-throated Bulbul Alophoixus pallidus
Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus

Genus Acritillas – 1 species
* Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica

Genus Iole – 6 species
Sulphur-bellied Bulbul Iole palawanensis
Buff-vented Bulbul Iole crypta
Charlotte’s Bulbul Iole charlottae
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua
Cachar Bulbul Iole cacharensis
Olive Bulbul Iole viridescens

Genus Hemixos – 3 species
Cinereous Bulbul Hemixos cinereus
Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus

Genus Ixos – 4 species
Nicobar Bulbul Ixos nicobariensis
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii
Streaked Bulbul Ixos malaccensis
Sunda Bulbul Ixos virescens

Genus Cerasophila – 1 species
White-headed Bulbul Cerasophila thompsoni

Genus Thapsinillas – 3 species
Northern Golden-Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris
Seram Golden-Bulbul Thapsinillas affinis
Buru Golden-Bulbul Thapsinillas mysticalis

Genus Hypsipetes – 16 species
Visayan Bulbul Hypsipetes guimarasensis
Zamboanga Bulbul Hypsipetes rufigularis
Yellowish Bulbul Hypsipetes everetti
* Camiguin Bulbul Hypsipetes catarmanensis
* Philippine Bulbul Hypsipetes philippinus
Mindoro Bulbul Hypsipetes mindorensis
Streak-breasted Bulbul Hypsipetes siquijorensis
Brown-eared Bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
* Square-tailed Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa
Moheli Bulbul Hypsipetes moheliensis
Seychelles Bulbul Hypsipetes crassirostris
Grand Comoro Bulbul Hypsipetes parvirostris
Reunion Bulbul Hypsipetes borbonicus
Malagasy Bulbul Hypsipetes madagascariensis
Mauritius Bulbul Hypsipetes olivaceus

Genus Microtarsus – 7 species
Black-and-white Bulbul Microtarsus melanoleucos
Puff-backed Bulbul Microtarsus eutilotus
Grey-headed Bulbul Microtarsus priocephalus
Black-headed Bulbul Microtarsus atriceps
Andaman Bulbul Microtarsus fuscoflavescens
Blue-wattled Bulbul Microtarsus nieuwenhuisii
Yellow-wattled Bulbul Microtarsus urostictus

Genus Spizixos – 2 species

Crested Finchbill Spizixos canifrons
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques

Genus Rubigula – 7 species

Genus Pycnonotus was proven mon-monophyletic and the classification is sill under revision. The 5 first species, that have a yellow body with black head, are closely related to each other and clearly deserve a separate genus. The two last species are also distant to true Pycnonotus,  and we provisionally follow John Boyd is placing them here. However, unlike John Boyd, we keep Spectacled Bulbul (P. erythropthalmos) in Pycnonotus. This might change soon, but inclusion here (and keeping Asian Red-eyed Bulbul in Pynconotus) as he does,  is not consistent to our opinion.

All species are found in Southern and South-eastern Asia.

* Black-crested Bulbul Rubigula flaviventris
* Ruby-throated Bulbul Rubigula disparENDEMIC (Indonesia)
* Flame-throated Bulbul Rubigula gularisENDEMIC (India)
* Black-capped Bulbul Rubigula melanicteraENDEMIC (Sri Lanka)
Bornean Bulbul Rubigula montis – ENDEMIC (Borneo)
Scaly-breasted Bulbul Rubigula squamata – NA
Grey-bellied Bulbul Rubigula cyaniventris – NA

Genus Pycnonotus – 33 species

* Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni

Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus – SPECIAL T., CRITICALLY ENDAN.
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus – NA
Cream-striped Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogrammicus – SPECIAL T, ENDEM. (Sumatra)
Spot-necked Bulbul Pycnonotus tympanistrigus – SPECIAL T, ENDEM. (Sumatra)

Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
Ashy-fronted Bulbul Pycnonotus cinereifrons
Ayeyarwady Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi
* Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus conradi
Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex

Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
Asian Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
* Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
* White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus
Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon
Brown-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
* Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Styan’s Bulbul Pycnonotus taivanus
Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
Somali Bulbul Pycnonotus somaliensis
Dodson’s Bulbul Pycnonotus dodsoni
* Dark-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus tricolor
African Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus nigricans
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis
* White-spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos
* White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis
* Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
* Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
* Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
Aceh Bulbul Pycnonotus snouckaerti
Orange-spotted Bulbul Pycnonotus bimaculatus
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus
* Yellow-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus penicillatus

Back to family list

The bulbuls…

1 – family classification


2 – Taxonomy within the family


3 – Breeding


4 – Food and feeding strategy


5 – habitat

We find…

6 – Identification


7 – Conservation and future


8 – The list

There is…

SP # 142 22/05/18 Acritillas indica   S
Yellow-browed Bulbul (constr.) – – – Bulbul à sourcils d’or ( full )

Family index

Famille des Pycnonotidae (bulbuls) en français


All photos and text are © Valéry Schollaert


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